Mental Health

    Anxiety and Depression Can Add the Way to Treatment

    Aug 17, 2020


    What is depression?
    Depression is a mood disorder that is characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of

    interest. It is also known as a major depressive disorder. Depression affects how you feel, think,
    or behave [1].
    What causes Depression?

    The exact cause is unknown. It may be caused by a combination of factors like genetic, biological,
    environmental (trauma), and some psychological factors. Some conditions like cancer, pain, or
    any chronic condition increase the risk of getting depression.
    Generally, about 1 out of every 6 adults have depression [2]. Depression affects almost 16 million
    American adults every year [3]. Many people who have other mental disorders suffer from

    What is anxiety?
    Anxiety is an emotion characterized by a feeling of panic, worry, restlessness, and physical
    changes like increased blood pressure.
    There are several types of anxiety disorders like panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-
    compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

    Some symptoms like sleep disturbance, irritability, and difficulty concentration co-exist in both
    depression and anxiety. However, there are several key differences among them
    In depression; there are [4]
     Loss of interest and social isolation

     Anger and restlessness
     Lack of motivation, decreased energy, chronic fatigue
     Persistent feeling of sadness, worthlessness, and helplessness
     Suicide attempts
     Change in appetite 
     Difficulty sleeping

    In anxiety, symptoms include:
     Panic, apprehension, and restlessness
     Difficulty concentrating
     Racing heart
     Un satisfying sleep
     Dread
     Increased heart rate, sweating, and trembling
     Having difficulty controlling worry

    Can a person have both?
    Depression and anxiety occur at the same time [5]. Half of the people with either depression or
    anxiety can have the other condition [6]. 
    However, with a proper care plan, the condition can be improved


    How to manage your symptoms

     Along with a well-devised treatment plan, these strategies will help you finding relief from


     Talk with someone you are comfortable with
     Accomplish the task you can manage like, making your bed
     Exercise, meditate and yoga
     Make a daily routine. It will help you

     Try to take a good sleep of seven to eight-hour

    Treatment of depression and anxiety


    Counseling helps in fighting depression and anxiety [7, 8]. Different therapies help you according to your condition. For example,
     Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): it helps you to adjust your thoughts, behaviors, and
     Interpersonal therapy helps you to communicate better and also express yourself.
     Problem-solving therapy: will helps you in learning skills to manage your symptoms.

    There are drugs available that treat symptoms of both anxiety and depression at the same time.
    Anti-depressants are the major class used including SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake
    Inhibitors). SSRI includes

     Citalopram
     Escitalopram
     Fluoxetine
     Sertraline
    Talk with your doctor about your symptoms thoroughly, so he can choose what is best for you.
    Also, keep in mind that your medicine takes a few weeks to work properly. 
    Anxiety and depression are both severe conditions. If not managed properly they can be
    worsened. A person having anxiety or depression is more likely to have another one. But with
    proper care and treatment, it can be managed.

    1. Moriarty, D.G., et al., The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Healthy
    Days Measures–Population tracking of perceived physical and mental health over
    time. 2003. 1(1): p. 37.
    2. Kessler, R.C., et al., Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV
    disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. 2005. 62(6): p. 593-602.
    3. Abuse, S.J.R., MD: Substance Abuse and M.H.S. Administration, Mental Health
    Services Administration, Results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and
    Health: Summary of National Findings, NSDUH Series H-41, HHS Publication
    No.(SMA) 11-4658. 2011. 201.
    4. Edition, F.J.A.P.A., Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 2013.
    5. Carek, P.J., S.E. Laibstain, and S.M.J.T.I.J.o.P.i.M. Carek, Exercise for the treatment
    of depression and anxiety. 2011. 41(1): p. 15-28.
    6. Hirschfeld, R.M.J.P.c.c.t.t.J.o.c.p., The comorbidity of major depression and anxiety
    disorders: recognition and management in primary care. 2001. 3(6): p. 244.
    7. Gelenberg, A.J., et al., Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with major
    depressive disorder third edition. 2010. 167(10): p. 1.
    8. Davidson, J.J.T.J.o.c.p., Major depressive disorder treatment guidelines in America and Europe. 2010. 71: p. e04.