The beauty of my hair and skin

    Why Hyaluronic acid, Vitamin C, and Retinol are considered as Miracle Ingredients For Our Skin?

    Why do we need add Vitamin C Serum and Retinol and Hyaluronic Acid serum to our skin care routine?

    Skin is our first defense line. It is constantly exposed to the sun, chemicals, and microorganisms. Maintaining good skin is very important as its appearance generally reflects our personality.  

    During collagen synthesis and keratinocyte differentiation [2], nutrition containing macronutrients and micronutrients is very important for skin [1] . Vitamin deficiencies result in different skin disorders [3]. 
     

    Thinning of skin and less skin cell turnover are significant as we age. Skin is exposed to several challenges throughout our life that can affect its structure, function, and appearance. It includes:

    • Loss of elasticity and wrinkle formation due to normal aging.
    • Exposure to factors leading to dryness, discoloration, and accelerated wrinkles.
    • Chemical exposure, including beauty products.
    • Direct injury, such as burning and wounding.
     
    What is vitamin C?

    Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic acid, is a water-based vitamin. which is essential in our diet. It acts as a free-radical scavenger[1] and is an anti-oxidant. Vitamin C prevents wrinkles formation, dry skin, and promote wound healing. The health of the skin also majorly depends upon Vitamin C.
     
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    Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic acid, is a water-based vitamin. which is essential in our diet. It acts as a free-radical scavenger[1] and is an anti-oxidant. Vitamin C prevents wrinkles formation, dry skin, and promote wound healing. The health of the skin also majorly depends upon Vitamin C.
    The deficiency of vitamin C leads to scurvy, characterized by skin fragility, bleeding gums, and slow wound healing [4]. When plasma levels of vitamin C are low, it can be delivered to the epidermal layer by topical application (in form of cream or serum) [5]. 
     
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    Vitamin C promotes collagen formation by enhancing collagen gene expression [6]. As it is a potent antioxidant, it can remove toxic oxidants and free radicals [7]. 
     
    What is Retinol?

    Retinol, also known as vitamin A, is a key anti-aging agent that accelerates skin renewal, reduces wrinkles, and fine lines. Retinol boosts the amount of collagen, cutting down fine lines and wrinkles. It also improves skin tone and color and also reduces brown spots
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    Retinol, also known as vitamin A, is a key anti-aging agent that accelerates skin renewal, reduces wrinkles, and fine lines. Retinol boosts the amount of collagen, cutting down fine lines and wrinkles. It also improves skin tone and color and also reduces brown spots. 
     
    Wrinkles and brown spots can form on skin that is continuously exposed to the sun [8]. The topical use of retinol offers significant clinical improvements [9]. 
    Retinol serum clears acne spots, even out skin tone and its texture, stimulates collagen production, and minimizes age spots.
     
    What is Hyaluronic acid?

    Hyaluronic acid
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    Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a carbohydrate occurring naturally in all living organisms [10]. The large amount of hyaluronic acid is present in the skin, eyes, and connective tissues. Skin hyaluronic acid accounts for most of 50% of total body hyaluronic acid [11]. 
     
    Hyaluronic acid reduces the visibility of fine lines and wrinkles, particularly by retaining the moisture of the skin. When skin is hydrated and healthy, there will be an increase in the production of skin cells. It leads to smoother and plumper skinHyaluronic acid also helps in fighting to age. As we age, the elasticity of the skin is reduced and is result in wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots.


    Vitamin C, retinol, and hyaluronic acid:


    Hyaluronic acid, Vitamin C, and retinol are considered as miracle ingredients. They help the skin in fighting signs of aging, damages from prolonged sun exposures, and other skin conditions. 

    Many formulations of these three magical ingredients are available, either alone or are in combination. For maintaining healthy skin, these ingredients should be a part of the daily routine.
     
     
    References:
    1. Buettner, G.R. and B.A.J.R.r. Jurkiewicz, Catalytic metals, ascorbate and free radicals: combinations to avoid. 1996. 145(5): p. 532-541.
    2. Park, K.J.B. and therapeutics, Role of micronutrients in skin health and function. 2015. 23(3): p. 207.
    3. Boelsma, E., et al., Human skin condition and its associations with nutrient concentrations in serum and diet. 2003. 77(2): p. 348-355.
    4. Talarico, V., et al., Do you remember scurvy? 2014. 165(5): p. 253-256.
    5. Humbert, P.G., et al., Topical ascorbic acid on photoaged skin. Clinical, topographical and ultrastructural evaluation: double‐blind study vs. placebo. 2003. 12(3): p. 237-244.
    6. Hinek, A., et al., Sodium L-ascorbate enhances elastic fibers deposition by fibroblasts from normal and pathologic human skin. 2014. 75(3): p. 173-182.
    7. Pullar, J.M., A.C. Carr, and M.J.N. Vissers, The roles of vitamin C in skin health. 2017. 9(8): p. 866.
    8. Fisher, G.J., et al., Pathophysiology of premature skin aging induced by ultraviolet light. 1997. 337(20): p. 1419-1429.
    9. Weiss, J.S., et al., Topical tretinoin improves photoaged skin: a double-blind vehicle-controlled study. 1988. 259(4): p. 527-532.
    10. Necas, J., et al., Hyaluronic acid (hyaluronan): a review. 2008. 53(8): p. 397-411.
    11. Reed, R., K. Lilja, and T.J.A.P.S. Laurent, Hyaluronan in the rat with special reference to the skin. 1988. 134(3): p. 405-411.